The polycystic ovarian disease is a common hormonal disorder amongst women, primarily in their reproductive age. While the primary cause of PCOD is yet to be ascertained, it is largely agreed that hormonal imbalances cause infrequent periods and excessive male hormone.
A premature ovarian failure is also termed as primary ovarian insufficiency. This is characterized by a loss of normal ovarian functioning before attaining the age of 40. With ovaries failing, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone oestrogen or release eggs.
Endometriosis is a painful disorder of the lining of the uterus, wherein the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus starts to the outside of the uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis.
Uterine Fibroids is the growth of non-cancerous tissue in the uterus. The growth of the tissue is typically seen in the productive life cycle of a woman. The growth can vary in size from small, undetectable to the naked eye to large bulky masses.
Uterine polyps are growth fragments in the inner walls of the uterus – the overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus causes the formation of uterine polyps. These are known as endometrial polyps but are non-cancerous growth fragments.
Fallopian tubes, as the name suggests, are tube-like structures in the female reproductive tract that transport the ova from the ovary to the uterus. They are placed on each side of the uterus, which helps lead the mature egg from the ovaries to the uterus.
To get pregnant, the ovaries must produce and release an egg, a process known as ovulation. However, there can be various factors that may disrupt the process of ovulation. When a woman has problems with ovulation, she may ovulate irregularly, infrequently, or even not at all.
The most common types of cancer in women that cause fertility issues include ovarian cancer, vaginal cancers and cervical cancer. The commonly associated symptoms with early-stage female reproductive cancers include – abdominal bleeding.
The two most common causes of upper genital tract infections in women leading to infertility are Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. Both are sexually transmitted diseases. Several times, the infected women have no symptoms.
Recurrent implantation failure refers to cases in which women have had three failed in vitro fertilization attempts with good quality embryos. The failure of embryo implantation can be a consequence of uterine, male, or embryo factors.